Maastricht Treaty TITLE IV

HEAD-EMU

 

TITLE IV

PROVISIONS AMENDING THE TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN ATOMIC ENERGY

COMMUNITY

 

ARTICLE 1

The Treaty establishing European Atomic Energy Community shall be amended in

accordance with the provisions of the Article.

 

1) Article 3 shall be replaced by the following:

“ARTICLE 3

1. The tasks entrusted to the Community shall be carried out by the following

institutions:

– a EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT,

– a COUNCIL,

– a COMMISSION,

– a COURT OF JUSTICE,

– a COURT OF AUDITORS.

Each institution shall act within the limits of the powers conferred upon it

by this Treaty.

2. The Council and the Commission shall be assisted by an Economic and Social

Committee acting in an advisory capacity.”

 

2) The following Articles shall be inserted:

“ARTICLE 107a

The European Parliament may, acting by a majority of its members, request the

Commission to submit any appropriate proposal on matters on which considers

that a Community act is required for the purpose of implementing this Treaty.

ARTICLE 107b

In the course of its duties, the European Parliament may, at the request of a

quarter of its members, set up a temporary Committee of Inquiry to

investigate, without prejudice to the powers conferred by this Treaty on other

institutions or bodies, alleged contraventions or maladministration in the

implementation of Community law, except where the alleged facts are being

examined before a court and while the case is still subject to legal

proceedings.

The temporary Committee of Inquiry shall cease to exist on the submission of

its report.

The detailed provisions governing the exercise of the right of inquiry shall

be determined by common accord of the European Parliament, the Council and the

Commission.

ARTICLE 107c

Any citizen of the Union, and any natural or legal person residing or having

its registered office in a Member State, shall have the right to address,

individually or in association with other citizens or persons, a petition to

the European Parliament on a matter which comes within the Community’s fields

of activity and which affects him, her or it directly.

ARTICLE 107d

1. The European Parliament shall appoint an Ombudsman empowered to receive

complaints from any citizen of the Union or any natural or legal person

residing or having its registered office in a Member State concerning

instances of maladministration in the activities of the Community institutions

or bodies, with the exception of the Court of Justice and the Court of First

Instance acting in their judicial role.

In accordance with his duties, the Ombudsman shall conduct inquiries for which

he finds grounds, either on his own initiative or on the basis of complaints

submitted to him direct or through a member of the European Parliament, except

where the alleged facts are or have been the subject of legal proceedings.

Where the Ombudsman establishes an instance of maladministration, he shall

refer the matter to the institution concerned. The person lodging the

complaint shall be informed of the outcome of such inquiries.

The Ombudsman shall submit an annual report to the European Parliament on the

outcome of his inquiries.

2. The Ombudsman shall be appointed after each election of the European

Parliament for the duration of its term of office. The Ombudsman shall be

eligible for reappointment.

The Ombudsman may be dismissed by the Court of Justice at the request of the

European Parliament if he no longer fulfils the conditions required for the

performance of his duties or if he is guilty of serious misconduct.

3. The Ombudsman shall be completely independent in the performance of his

duties. In the performance of those duties he shall neither seek nor take

instructions form any body. The Ombudsman may not, during his term of office,

engage in any other occupation, whether gainful or not.

4. The European Parliament shall, after seeking an opinion from the Commission

and with the approval of the Council acting by a qualified majority, lay down

the regulations and general conditions governing the performance of the

Ombudsman’s duties.”

 

3) Paragraph 3 of Article 108 shall be replaced by the following:

“3. The European Parliament shall draw up proposals for elections by direct

universal suffrage in accordance with a uniform procedure in all Member

States.

The Council shall, acting unanimously after obtaining the assent of the

European Parliament, which shall act by a majority of its component members,

lay down the appropriate provisions, which it shall recommend to Member States

for adoption in accordance with their respective constitutional requirements.”

4) The second subparagraph of Article 114 shall be supplemented by the

following sentence:

“In this case, the term of office of the members of the Commission appointed

to replace them shall expire on the date on which the term of office of the

members of the Commission obliged to resign as a body would have expired.”

 

5) The following Articles shall be inserted:

“ARTICLE 116

The Council shall consist of a representative of each Member State at

ministerial level, authorized to commit the government of that Member State.

The office of President shall be held in turn by each Member State in the

Council for a term of six months, in the following order of Member States.

– for a first cycle of six years: Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Spain,

France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, United Kingdom.

– for the following cycle of six years: Denmark, Belgium, Greece, Germany,

France, Spain, Italy, Ireland, Netherlands, Luxembourg, United Kingdom,

Portugal.

ARTICLE 117

The Council shall meet when convened by its President on his own initiative or

at the request of one of its members or of the Commission.”

 

6) The following Article shall be inserted:

“ARTICLE 121

1. A committee consisting of the Permanent Representatives of the Member

States shall be responsible for preparing the work of the Council and for

carrying out the tasks assigned to it by the Council.

2. The Council shall be assisted by a General Secretariat, under the direction

of a Secretary-General. The Secretary-General shall be appointed by the

Council acting unanimously.

The Council shall decide on the organization of the General Secretariat.

3. The Council shall adopt its rules of procedure.”

 

7) The following Article shall be inserted:

“ARTICLE 123

The Council shall, acting by a qualified majority, determine the salaries,

allowances and pensions of the President and members of the Commission, and of

the President, Judges, Advocates-General and Registrar of the Court of

Justice. It shall also, again by a qualified majority, determine any payment

to be made instead of remuneration.”

 

8) The following Articles shall be inserted;

“ARTICLE 125

The Commission shall publish annually, not later than one month before the

opening of the session of the European Parliament, a general report on the

activities of the Community.

ARTICLE 126

1. The Commission shall consist of seventeen members, who shall be chosen on

the grounds of their general competence and whose independence is beyond

doubt.

The number of members of the Commission may be altered by the Council, acting

unanimously.

Only nationals of the Member States may be members of the Commission.

The Commission must include at least one national of each of the Member

States, but may not include more than two members having the nationality of

the same State.

2. The members of the Commission shall, in the general interest of the

Community, be completely independent in the performance of their duties.

In the performance of these duties, they shall neither seek nor take

instructions from any government or from any other body. They shall refrain

from any action incompatible with their duties. Each Member State undertakes

to respect this principle and not to seek to influence the members of the

Commission in the performance of their tasks.

The members of the Commission may not, during their term of office, engage in

any other occupation, whether gainful or not. When entering upon their duties

they shall give a solemn undertaking that, both during and after their term or

office, they will respect the obligations arising therefrom and in particular

their duty to behave with integrity and discretion as regards the acceptance

after they have ceased to hold office, of certain appointments or benefits. In

the event of any breach of these obligations arising therefrom and in

particular their duty to behave with integrity and discretion as regards the

acceptance, after they have ceased to hold office, of certain appointments or

benefits. In the event of any breach of these obligations, the Court of

Justice may, on application by the Council or the Commission, rule that the

member concerned be, according to the circumstances, either compulsorily

retired in accordance with Article 129 or deprived of his right to a pension

or other benefits in its stead.

ARTICLE 127

1. The members of the Commission shall be appointed, in accordance with the

procedure referred to in paragraph 2, for a period of five years, subject, if

need be, to Article 114.

Their term of office shall be renewable.

2. The governments of the Member States shall nominate by common accord, after

consulting the European Parliament, the person they intend to appoint as

President of the Commission.

The governments of the Member States shall, in consultation with the nominee

for President, nominate the other persons whom they intend to appoint as

members of the Commission.

The President and other members of the Commission thus nominated shall be

subject as a body to a vote of approval by the European Parliament. After

approval by the European Parliament, the President and the other members of

the Commission shall be appointed by common accord of the governments of the

Member States.

3. Paragraphs 1 and 2 shall be applied for the first time to the President and

other members of the Commission whose term of office begins on 7 January 1995.

The President and the other members of the Commission whose term of office

begins on 7 January 1993 shall be appointed by common accord of the

governments of the Member States. Their term of office shall expire on 6

January 1995.

ARTICLE 128

Apart from normal replacement, or death, the duties of a member of the

Commission shall end when he resigns or is compulsorily retired.

The vacancy thus caused shall be filled for the remainder of the member’s term

of office by a new member appointed by common accord of the governments of the

Member States. The Council may, acting unanimously, decide that such a vacancy

need not be filled.

In the event of resignation, compulsory retirement or death, the President

shall be replaced for the remainder of his term of office. The procedure laid

down in Article 127(2) shall be applicable for the replacement of the

President.

Save in the case of compulsory retirement under Article 129, members of the

Commission shall remain in office until they have been replaced.

ARTICLE 129

If any member of the Commission no longer fulfills the conditions required for

the performance of his duties or if he has been guilty of serious misconduct,

the Court of Justice may, on appli cation by the Council or Commission,

compulsorily retire him.

ARTICLE 130

The Commission may appoint a Vice-President or two Vice-Presidents from among

its members.

ARTICLE 131

The Council and the Commission shall consult each other and shall settle by

common accord their methods of cooperation.

The Commission shall adopt its rules of procedure so as to ensure that both it

and its departments operate in accordance with the provisions of the Treaty.

It shall ensure that these rules are published.

ARTICLE 132

The Commission shall act by a majority of the number of members provided for

in Article 126.

A meeting of the Commission shall be valid only if the number of members laid

down in its rules of procedure is present.”

 

9) Article 133 shall be repealed.

 

10) Article 137 shall be replaced by the following:

“ARTICLE 137

The Court of Justice shall consist of thirteen Judges.

The Court of Justice shall sit in plenary session. It may, however, form

Chambers, each consisting of three or five Judges, either to undertake certain

preparatory inquiries or to adjudicate on particular categories of cases in

accordance with the rules laid down for these purposes.

The Court of Justice shall Sit in plenary session when a Member State or a

Community institution that is a party to the proceedings so requests.

Should the Court of Justice so request, the Council may, acting unanimously,

increase the number of Judges and make the necessary adjustments to the second

and third paragraphs of this Article 139.”

 

11) Article 140a shall be replaced by the following:

“ARTICLE 140a

1. A Court of First Instance shall be attached to the Court of Justice with

jurisdiction to hear and determine at first instance, subject to a right of

appeal to the Court of Justice on points of law only and in accordance with

the conditions laid down by the Statute, certain classes of action or

proceeding defined in accordance with the conditions laid down in paragraph 2.

The Court of First Instance shall not be competent to hear and determine

questions referred for a preliminary ruling under Article 150.

2. At the request of the Court of Justice and after consulting the European

Parliament and the Commission, the Council, acting unanimously, shall

determine the classes of action or proceeding referred to in paragraph 1 and

the composition of the Court of First Instance and shall adopt the necessary

adjustments and additional provisions to the Statute of the Court of Justice.

Unless the Council decides otherwise, the provisions of this Treaty relating

to the Court of Justice, in particular the provisions of the Protocol on the

Statute of the Court of Justice, shall apply to the Court of the First

Instance.

3. The members of the Court of First Instance shall be chosen from persons

whose independence is beyond doubt and who possess the ability required for

appointment to judicial office; they shall be appointed by common accord of

the governments of the Member States for a term of six years. The membership

shall be partially renewed every three years. Retiring members shall be

eligible for re-appointment.

4. The Court of First Instance shall establish its rules of procedure in

agreement with the Court of Justice. Those rules shall require the unanimous

approval of the Council.”

 

12) Article 143 shall be replaced by the following:

“ARTICLE 143

1. If the Court of Justice finds that a Member State has failed to fulfil an

obligation under this Treaty, the State shall be required to take the

necessary measures to comply with the judgment of the Court of Justice.

2. If the Commission considers that the Member State concerned has not taken

such measures it shall, after giving that State the opportunity to submit its

observations, issue a reasoned opinion specifying the points which the Member

State concerned has not complied with the judgment of the Court of Justice.

If the Member State concerned fails to take the necessary measures to comply

with the Court’s judgment within the time-limit laid down by the Commission,

the latter may bring the case before the Court of Justice. In so doing it

shall specify the amount of the lump sum or penalty payment to be paid by the

Member State concerned which it considers appropriate in the circumstances.

If the Court of Justice finds that the Member State concerned has not complied

with its judgment it may impose a lump sum or penalty payment on it.

This procedure shall be without prejudice to Article 142.”

 

13) Article 146 shall be replaced by the following:

“ARTICLE 146

The Court of Justice shall review the legality of acts of the Council and of

the Commission, other than recommendations and opinions, and of acts of the

European Parliament intended to produce legal effects vis-a-vis third parties.

It shall for this purpose have jurisdiction in actions brought by a Member

State, the Council or the Commission on grounds of lack of competence,

infringement of this Treaty or of any rule of law relating to its application,

or misuse of powers.

The Court shall have jurisdiction under the same conditions in actions brought

by the European Parliament for the purpose of protecting its prerogatives.

Any natural or legal person may, under the same conditions, institute

proceedings against a decision addressed to that person or against a decision

which, although in the form of a regulation or a decision addressed to another

person, is of direct and individual concern to the former.

The proceedings provided for in this Article shall be instituted within two

months of the publication of the measure, or of its notification to the

plaintiff, or, in the absence thereof, of the day on which it came to the

knowledge of the latter, as the case may be.”

 

14) The following Section shall be inserted;

“SECTION V

THE COURT OF AUDITORS

ARTICLE 160a

The Audit shall be carried out by the Court of ~Auditors.

ARTICLE 160b

1. The Court of Auditors shall consist of twelve members.

2. The members of the Court of Auditors shall be chosen from among persons who

belong or have belonged in their respective countries to external audit bodies

or who are especially qualified for this office. Their independence must be

beyond doubt.

3. The members of the Court of Auditors shall be appointed for a term of six

years by the Council, acting unanimously after consulting the European

Parliament.

However, when the first appointments are made, four members of the Court of

Auditors, chosen by lot, shall be appointed for a term of office of four years

only.

The members of the Court of Auditors shall be eligible for reappointment.

They shall elect the President of the Court of Auditors from among their

number for a term of three years. The President may be re-elected.

4. The members of the Court of Auditors shall, in the general interest of the

Community, be completely independent in the performance of their duties.

In the performance of these duties, they shall neither seek nor take

instructions from any government or from any other body. They shall refrain

from any action incompatible with their duties.

5. The members of the Court of Auditors may not, during their term of office,

engage in any other occupation, whether gainful or not. When entering upon

their duties they shall give a solemn undertaking that, both during and after

their term of office, they will respect the obligations arising therefrom and

in partic ular their duty to behave with integrity and discretion as regards

the acceptance, after they have ceased to hold office, of certain appointments

or benefits.

6. Apart from normal replacement, or death, the duties of a member of the

Court of Auditors shall end when he resigns, or is compulsorily retired by a

ruling of the Court of Justice pursuant to paragraph 7.

The vacancy thus caused shall be filled for the remainder of the member’s term

of office.

Save in the case of compulsory retirement, members of the Court of Auditors

shall remain in office until they have been replaced.

7. A member of the Court of Auditors may be deprived of his office or of his

right to a pension or other benefits in its stead only if the Court of

Justice, at the request of the Court of Auditors, finds that he no longer

fulfills the requisite condi tions or meets the obligations arising from his

office.

8. The Council, acting by a qualified majority, shall determine the conditions

of employment of the President and the members of the Court of Auditors and in

particular their salaries, allowances and pensions. It shall also, by the same

majority, determine any payment to be made instead of remuneration.

9. The provisions of the Protocol on the Privileges and Immunities of the

European Communities applicable to the judges of the Court of Justice shall

also apply to the members of the Court of Auditors.

ARTICLE 160c

1. The Court of Auditors shall examine the accounts of all revenue and

expenditure of the Community. It shall also examine the accounts of all

revenue and expenditure of all bodies set up by the Community insofar as the

relevant constituent instrument does not preclude such examination.

The Court of Auditors shall provide the European Parliament and the Council

with a statement of assurance as to the reliability of the accounts and the

legality and regularity of the underlying transactions.

2. The Court of Auditors shall examine whether all revenue has been received

and all expenditure incurred in a lawful and regular manner and whether the

financial management has been sound.

The audit of revenue shall be carried out on the basis of the amounts

established as due and the amounts actually paid to the Community.

The audit of expenditure shall be carried out on the basis both of commitments

undertaken and payments made.

These audits may be carried out before the closure of accounts for the

financial year in question.

3. The audit shall be based on records and, if necessary, performed on the

spot in the other institutions of the Community and in the Member States. In

the Member States the audit shall be carried out in liaison with the national

audit bodies or, if these do not have the necessary powers, with the competent

national departments. These bodies or departments shall inform the Court of

Auditors whether they intend to take part in the audit.

The other institutions of the Community and the national audit bodies or, if

these do not have the necessary powers, the competent national department,

shall forward to the Court of Auditors, at its request, any document or

information necessary to carry on its task.

4. The Court of Auditors shall draw up an annual report after the close of

each financial year. It shall be forwarded to the other institutions of the

Community and shall be published, together with the replies of these

institutions to the observations of the Court of Auditors, in the Official

Journal of the European Communities.

The Court of Auditors may also, at any time, submit observations, particularly

in the form of special reports, on specific questions and deliver opinions at

the request of one of the other institutions of the Community.

It shall adopt its annual reports, special reports or opinions by a majority

of its members.

It shall assist the European Parliament and the Council in exercising their

powers of control over the implementation of the budget.”

 

15) Article 166 shall be replaced by the following:

“ARTICLE 166

The number of members of the Economic and Social Committee shall be as

follows:

Belgium 12

Denmark 9

Germany 24

Greece 12

Spain 21

France 24

Ireland 9

Italy 24

Luxembourg 6

Netherlands 12

Portugal 12

United Kingdom 24

The members of the Committee shall be appointed by the Council, acting

unanimously, for four years. Their appointment shall be renewable.

The members of the Committee may not be bound by any mandatory instructions.

They shall be completely independent in the performance of their duties, in

the general interest of the Community.

The Council, acting by qualified majority, shall determine the allowances of

the members of the Committee.”

168 shall be replaced by the following;

“ARTICLE 168

The Committee shall elect its chairman and officers from among its members for

a term of two years.

It shall adopt its rules of procedure.

The Committee shall be convened by its chairman at the request of the Council

or of the Commission. It may also meet on its own initiative.”

17) Article 170 shall be replaced by the following:

“ARTICLE 170

The Committee must be consulted by the Council or by the Commission where this

Treaty so provides. The Committee may be consulted by these institutions in

all cases in which they consider it appropriate. It may issue an opinion on

its own initiative in cases in which it considers such action appropriate.

The Council or the Commission shall, if it considers it necessary, set the

Committee, for the submission of its opinion, a time limit which may not be

less than one month from the date on which the chairman receives notification

to this effect. Upon expiry of the time limit, the absence of an opinion shall

not prevent further action.

The opinion of the Committee and that of the specialized section, together

with a record of the proceedings, shall be forwarded to the Council and to the

Commission.”

18) Paragraphs 1 to 3 of Article 172 shall be repealed.

19) Article 173 shall be replaced by the following:

“ARTICLE 173

Without prejudice to other revenue, the budget shall be financed wholly from

own resources.

The Council, acting unanimously on a proposal from the Commission and after

consulting the European Parliament, shall lay down provisions relating to the

system of own resources of the Community, which it shall recommend to the

Member States for adoption in accordance with their respective constitutional

requirements.”

20) The following Article shall be inserted:

“ARTICLE 173a

With a view to maintaining budgetary discipline, the Commission shall not make

any proposal for a Community act, or alter its proposals, or adopt any

implementing measure which is likely to have appreciable implications for the

budget without providing the assurance that that proposal or that measure is

capable of being financed within the limit to the Community’s own resources

arising under provisions laid down by the Council pursuant to Article 173.”

21) Article 179 shall be replaced by the following:

“ARTICLE 179

The Commission shall implement the budgets, in accordance with the provisions

of the regulations made pursuant to Article 183, on its own responsibility and

within the limits of the appropriations, having regard to the principles of

sound financial management.

The regulations shall lay down detailed rules for each institution concerning

its part in effecting its own expenditure.

Within the budgets, the Commission may, subject to the limits and conditions

laid down in the regulations made pursuant to Article 183, transfer

appropriations from one chapter to another or from on subdivision to another.”

22) Articles 180 and 180a shall be repealed.

23) Article 180b shall be replaced by the following:

“ARTICLE 180b

1. The European Parliament, acting on a recommendation from the Council which

shall act by a qualified majority, shall give a discharge to the Commission in

respect of the implementation of the budget. To this end, the Council and the

European Parliament in turn shall examine the accounts and the financial

statement referred to in Article 179a, the annual report by the Court of

Auditors together with the replies of the institutions under audit to the

observations of the Court of Auditors, and any relevant special reports by the

Court of Auditors.

2. Before giving a discharge to the Commission, or for any other purpose in

connection with the exercise of its powers over the implementation of the

budget, the European Parliament may ask to hear the Commission give evidence

with regard to the execution of expenditure or the operation of financial

control systems. The Commission shall submit any necessary information to the

European Parliament at the latter’s request.

3. The Commission shall take all appropriate steps to act on the observations

in the decisions giving discharge and on the other observations by the

European Parliament relating to the execution of expenditure, as well as on

comments accompanying the recommendations on discharge adopted by the Council.

At the request of the European Parliament or the Council, the Commission shall

report on the measures taken in the light of these observations and comments

and in particular of the instructions given to the departments which are

responsible for the implementation of the budgets. These reports shall also be

forwarded to the Court of Auditors.”

24) Article 183 shall be replaced by the following:

“ARTICLE 183

The Council, acting unanimously on a proposal from the Commission and after

consulting the European Parliament and obtaining the opinion of the Court of

Auditors, shall:

(a) make financial regulations specifying in particular the procedure to be

adopted for establishing and implementing the budget and for presenting and

auditing accounts;

(b) determine the methods and procedure whereby the budget revenue provided

under the arrangements relating to the Community’s own resources shall be made

available to the Commission, and determine the measures to be applied, if need

be, to meet cash requirements;

(c) lay down rules concerning the responsibility of financial controllers,

authorizing officers and accounting officers, and concerning appropriate

arrangements for inspection.”

25) The following Article shall be inserted:

“ARTICLE 183a

Member States shall take the same measures to counter fraud affecting the

financial interests of the Community as they take to counter fraud affecting

their own financial interests.

Without prejudice to other provisions of this Treaty, Member States shall

coordinate their actions aimed at protecting the financial interests of the

Community against fraud. To this end they shall organize, with the help of the

Commission, close and regular cooperation between the competent departments of

their administrations.”

26) Article 198)a) shall be replaced by the following:

“(a) This Treaty shall not apply to the Faroe Islands.”

27) Article 201 shall be replaced by the following:

“ARTICLE 201

The Community shall establish close cooperation with the Organization for

Economic Cooperation and Development, the details of which shall be determined

by common accord.”

28) Articles 204 and 205 shall be repealed.

29) Article 206 shall be replaced by the following:

“ARTICLE 206

The Community may conclude with one or more States or international

organizations agreements establishing an association involving reciprocal

rights and obligations, common action and special procedures.

These agreements shall be concluded by the Council, acting unanimously after

consulting the European Parliament.

Where such agreements call for amendments to this Treaty, these amendments

shall first be adopted in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article N

of the Treaty on European Union.”

 

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